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J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2012 Feb;21(2):124-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2010.05.012. Epub 2010 Nov 5.

Subtle problems in activities of daily living after a transient ischemic attack or an apparently fully recovered non-disabling stroke.

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Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Slotervaart Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Little is known about the effects on the performance of activities of daily living (ADL) and quality of life (QoL) of transient ischemic attack (TIA) or a nondisabling stroke (NDS) with a full recovery in 72 hours. The present study evaluated ADL performance and QoL, as well as symptoms of anxiety and depression, in patients at 1 and 6 months after a TIA or an NDS. Consecutive hospitalized TIA/NDS patients not requiring rehabilitation were assessed at 1 and 6 months after discharge from a hospital or emergency department. ADL performance was evaluated using the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS), QoL was assessed with the Short Form 36 (SF-36), and depression and anxiety symptoms were assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). A total of 45 patients completed the follow-up. At 1 month after TIA/NDS, all patients were independent in ADL performance but had AMPS and SF-36 scores below the norm. In addition, 12 patients (27%) had anxiety symptoms, and 9 patients (20%) had symptoms of depression. Although initially considered fully recovered, 23 patients (51%) required rehabilitation after the first follow-up. After 6 months, their AMPS, SF-36, and HADS scores were lower than those of the patients who did not require rehabilitation after the first screening. Half of the patients with a TIA or an NDS who were initially considered fully recovered exhibited ADL limitations, decreased QoL, and symptoms of anxiety or depression after 6 months.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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