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Bioorg Med Chem. 2011 Jan 1;19(1):21-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2010.10.053. Epub 2010 Oct 31.

Herbal medicinal products target defined biochemical and molecular mediators of inflammatory autoimmune arthritis.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland, School of Medicine, 685 W. Baltimore Street, HSF-1, Suite-380, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic debilitating disease characterized by synovial inflammation, damage to cartilage and bone, and deformities of the joints. Several drugs possessing anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties are being used in the conventional (allopathic) system of medicine to treat RA. However, the long-term use of these drugs is associated with harmful side effects. Therefore, newer drugs with low or no toxicity for the treatment of RA are actively being sought. Interestingly, several herbs demonstrate anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic activity. In this review, we describe the role of the major biochemical and molecular mediators in the pathogenesis of RA, and highlight the sites of action of herbal medicinal products that have anti-arthritic activity. With the rapidly increasing use of CAM products by patients with RA and other inflammation-related disorders, our review presents timely information validating the scientific rationale for the use of natural therapeutic products.

PMID:
21115252
PMCID:
PMC3020797
DOI:
10.1016/j.bmc.2010.10.053
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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