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Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2011 Mar;56(3):498-500. doi: 10.1002/pbc.22768.

Chemoresistant hepatoblastoma in a patient with mosaic trisomy 18 treated with orthotopic liver transplantation.

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  • 1Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.


We present a 9-month-old male with mosaic trisomy 18 with a right hepatic lobe mass. The tumor was completely resected and identified as pure fetal histology hepatoblastoma but contained increased mitotic activity. Adjuvant chemotherapy consisted of cisplatin, vincristine, and 5-fluorouracil. After the first and fourth cycles of chemotherapy, recurrent tumor developed. The patient underwent rescue orthotopic liver transplantation, and is currently alive without evidence of hepatoblastoma 28 months after transplantation. This report demonstrates the use of orthotopic liver transplantation in a child with mosaic trisomy 18 and hepatoblastoma.

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