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Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2011 Feb;29(1):117-24. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2010.08.010.

Alcohol-related seizures.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Services, The Medical Center, Columbus, GA, USA. David.McMicken@crhs.net

Abstract

The term alcohol-related seizures (ARS) is used to refer to all seizures in the aggregate associated with alcohol use, including the subset of alcohol withdrawal seizures (AWS). From 20% to 40% of patients with seizure who present to an emergency department have seizures related to alcohol abuse. However, it is critical to avoid prematurely labeling a seizure as being caused by alcohol withdrawal before performing a careful diagnostic evaluation. Benzodiazepines alone are sufficient to prevent AWS. The alcoholic patient with a documented history of ARS, who experiences a single seizure or a short burst of seizures should be treated with lorazepam, 2 mg intravenously.

PMID:
21109108
DOI:
10.1016/j.emc.2010.08.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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