Send to

Choose Destination
Scand J Gastroenterol. 1990 Apr;25(4):363-71.

Phospholipase C from Clostridium perfringens stimulates phospholipase A2-mediated arachidonic acid release in cultured intestinal epithelial cells (INT 407).

Author information

Clinical Research Center, Linköping University, Sweden.


The mechanisms by which phospholipase C from Clostridium perfringens stimulates release of arachidonic acid (AA) in cultured intestinal epithelial cells (INT-407) were investigated. INT-407 cells were first allowed to incorporate 14C-labeled AA into their phospholipids; the labeled cells were then exposed to phospholipase C, and the release of free 14C-AA was determined. Phospholipase C caused a rapid (3 min) intracellular rise of free 14C-AA, followed by a considerable, dose- and time-dependent release of 14C-AA into the extracellular medium. For comparison, the calcium ionophore A23187 also caused a rapid mobilization of free 14C-AA, but a much lower extracellular 14C-AA release than phospholipase C during longer (1 h) incubation. The 14C-AA release was accompanied by a degradation of 14C-myo-inositol-labeled phosphatidylinositols and was reduced by the protein kinase C inhibitor 1-(5-isoquinolinylsulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7). Both phospholipase C- and A23187-stimulated 14C-AA release was associated with degradation of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidylinositol and was reduced by nordihydroguaiaretic acid and 4-bromophenacyl bromide, two known phospholipase A2 inhibitors. In addition, the 14C-AA release was reduced by the calmodulin inhibitors trifluoperazine, compound 48/80, and N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalene-sulfonamide (W-7). These findings indicate that phospholipase C from C. perfringens stimulates phospholipase A2-mediated AA release from human intestinal epithelial cells and suggest that this stimulation is brought about via processes involving phosphatidylinositol breakdown and activation of calmodulin and protein kinase C. It is possible that this phospholipase C-evoked AA release may contribute to the mucosal pathologic condition in diseases with altered intestinal microbial flora.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center