Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Expert Opin Ther Targets. 2011 Jan;15(1):21-30. doi: 10.1517/14656566.2011.537260. Epub 2010 Nov 24.

Variation in hormone receptor and HER-2 status between primary and metastatic breast cancer: review of the literature.

Author information

1
Hacettepe University Institute of Oncology, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD:

Hormone and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) receptors are two important pharmaceutical targets that affect the survival of patients with metastatic breast cancer. Discordance of hormone and HER-2 receptors were reported in a series of studies. Receptor status was reported to change in both directions, yet alteration occurs mostly in the loss of positivity for both receptors. We do not know both the exact mechanism of this process or the contribution rate of technical mistakes; a number of mechanisms might be responsible. Factors suggested include: tumor heterogeneity, clonal selection of tumor cell subpopulations, genetic instability of tumor cells, local or systemic treatments, the time interval between primary tumor and metastasis, receptor status determination techniques, and the site of metastasis.

AREAS COVERED IN THIS REVIEW:

Studies of estrogen, progesterone and HER-2 receptor discordance between primary and metastasis of breast cancer are summarized. Laboratory evaluation of estrogen, progesterone and HER-2 receptors, and possible causes of receptor discordance, are summarized. Literature data are reviewed; the major shortcoming of these studies is that they are mostly retrospective.

WHAT THE READER WILL GAIN:

The reader will read a concise literature review about the studies on estrogen, progesterone and HER-2 receptor discordances between primary and metastasis of breast cancer.

TAKE HOME MESSAGE:

We do not know whether the changes in receptor expression account for a true biological phenomenon or may result from inconsistent measurement. However, in light of current data, for the treatment plans that target the receptors, biopsy specimen from the metastatis of breast cancer must also be evaulated for alterations in the receptor status.

PMID:
21105765
DOI:
10.1517/14656566.2011.537260
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center