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Cell Biochem Funct. 2010 Dec 2;28(8):651-60. doi: 10.1002/cbf.1703. Epub 2010 Oct 29.

Cytoprotective effects of catechin 7-O-β-D glucopyranoside against mitochondrial dysfunction damaged by streptozotocin in RINm5F cells.

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School of Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju-si, Korea.


The protective effects of catechin 7-O-β-D glucopyranoside (C7G) against streptozotocin (STZ)-induced mitochondrial damage in rat pancreatic β-cells (RINm5F) were investigated. A marked increase in mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) was observed in STZ-treated cells; this increase was restricted by C7G treatment. C7G also scavenged superoxide anions and hydroxyl radicals generated by xanthine/xanthine oxidase (xanthine/XO) and the Fenton reaction (FeSO(4)  + H(2) O(2)), respectively. C7G restored activity and expression of both mitochondrial manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and catalase (CAT), which were suppressed by STZ treatment. In addition, C7G prevented STZ-induced mitochondrial lipid peroxidation, protein carbonyl, and DNA base modification. C7G restored the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψ) that was disrupted by STZ treatment, and prevented cell death via inhibition of apoptosis. These results suggest that C7G has a protective effect against STZ-induced cell damage by its antioxidant effects and the attenuation of mitochondrial dysfunction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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