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Appl Opt. 1996 Aug 10;35(23):4615-21. doi: 10.1364/AO.35.004615.

Design and fabrication of computer-generated beam-shaping holograms.


For the design of computer-generated holograms reconstructing certain intensity patterns with phase freedom, we use an object-oriented approach. The given intensity pattern is decomposed into elementary objects for which appropriate phase-only hologram functions can be constructed. The total hologram function is found by the subsequent superposition of its constituents, with a relative amplitude and phase weighting for each of them. Thus, the degrees of freedom are dramatically reduced compared with those of sampling approaches. The design algorithm allows us to compensate on the one hand for the intensity and phase distribution of the impinging laser beam and on the other hand for the shape of the hologram aperture. We report on the computer-aided design of such holograms, as well as their fabrication through the use of laser lithography and reactive ion etching. Optical reconstructions are shown.


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