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Appl Opt. 2010 Nov 20;49(33):6425-9. doi: 10.1364/AO.49.006425.

Speckle reduction using orthogonal arrays in laser projectors.

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Institute for Microsystems Technology, Vestfold University College, Tonsberg N-3103, Norway.


We propose using a two-level (-1 and +1 as variables) orthogonal array (OA) to generate a binary phase diffuser for speckle reduction in laser projection displays. Compared with the Hadamard matrix, the diffuser generated from OA is more flexible. The speckle contrast ratio (CR) when introducing the binary phase diffuser at an intermediate image plane within the projector is calculated, and the minimum speckle CR can be achieved by finite step change of the diffuser patterns. With Kronecker algebra, the two-dimensional diffuser can also be replaced by two one-dimensional diffusers with the same function, and it can be implemented into the laser projector electronically and easily.


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