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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1990 Mar 1;56(1-2):35-9.

Opacity factor from group A streptococci is an apoproteinase.

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National Health Institute, Poriua, New Zealand.


Opacity factor (OF) is an enzyme, elaborated by certain serotypes of group A streptococci, which produces opalescence in mammalian sera. OF has been designated a lipoproteinase. Lipoproteins are complex structures and many enzymes are involved in their catalysis. We therefore set out to establish which of the many enzymes OF could be. Results showed that OF rendered high density lipoprotein (HDL) insoluble, accounting for the opalescence in serum, and altered its electrophoretic mobility. Electron microscopy revealed that OF caused an aggregation of HDL and an alteration in molecule shape. OF specifically split apoprotein AI of HDL into two fragments demonstrable by SDS-PAGE. We therefore designate OF as an apoproteinase.

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