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Cornea. 2011 Mar;30(3):315-9. doi: 10.1097/ICO.0b013e3181eeb71b.

Prospective study of visual outcomes and endothelial survival with Descemet membrane automated endothelial keratoplasty.

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1
Berkeley Eye Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate vision and endothelial cell survival in an initial Descemet membrane automated endothelial keratoplasty (DMAEK) series.

METHODS:

This was a prospective nonrandomized study of an initial consecutive series of 40 DMAEK cases, performed with or without concomitant phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. The graft was dissected with a microkeratome. A central 6- to 7-mm big bubble was created to separate endothelium from stroma, and the overlying stroma was excised. The graft was cut to 8.5- to 9.5-mm diameter and inserted with a pull through technique. Eyes were treated for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy, secondary corneal decompensation, or previous failed endothelial transplant. Best spectacle-corrected visual acuity, manifest refraction, pachymetry, and endothelial cell density were assessed.

RESULTS:

Median best spectacle-corrected visual acuity was 20/30 at 1 month (range: 20/15-20/50), improved from 20/40 (range: 20/25-20/400) preoperatively, excluding 7 eyes (18%) with significant retinal pathology. Rates of 20/20, 20/25, 20/30, and 20/40 vision were 25%, 71%, 89%, and 100%, respectively, at 3 months and 48%, 74%, 93%, and 100%, respectively, at 6 months. Median endothelial cell loss relative to baseline donor cell density was 31% at 6 months. Air was reinjected in 10 eyes (25%) to promote graft attachment, and 2 grafts (5%) failed to clear.

CONCLUSIONS:

DMAEK provided significant improvement in visual acuity and marked reduction in central corneal thickness. DMAEK had a higher rate of postoperative air reinjection than Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty and comparable 6-month endothelial cell loss.

PMID:
21099412
DOI:
10.1097/ICO.0b013e3181eeb71b
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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