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Nanotechnology. 2010 Dec 17;21(50):505701. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/21/50/505701. Epub 2010 Nov 22.

Flexible cold cathode with ultralow threshold field designed through wet chemical route.

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1
Thin Films and Nanoscience Laboratory, Department of Physics, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, India.

Abstract

A flexible cold cathode based on a uniform array of ZnO nanowires over carbon fabrics was designed via a simple wet chemical route. The structural parameters of the nanowires (i.e. length, diameter) as well as their arrangement over the carbon fibers were tailored by adjusting nutrient solution composition and growth duration. The optimized arrays of ZnO nanowires exhibit excellent electron emission performance with ultralow turn-on as well as threshold fields of 0.27 and 0.56 V µm(-1). This threshold field value is the lowest compared to any of the previous zinc-oxide-based cold cathodes realized through either chemical or vapor phase processes. In addition, the current density can reach an exceptionally high value of ∼ 11 mA cm(-2) at an applied electric field of only 0.8 V µm(-1). Flexible electronic devices based on a field emitter cold cathode may thus be realized through chemical processing at low budget but having high efficiency.

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