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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 Feb;300(2):H605-16. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00824.2010. Epub 2010 Nov 19.

Spatial and temporal heterogeneities are localized to the right ventricular outflow tract in a heterozygotic Scn5a mouse model.

Author information

1
Physiological Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Downing Site, Cambridge CB2 3EG, UK. clairemartin@gmail.com

Abstract

Ventricular tachycardia (VT) in Brugada Syndrome patients often originates in the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). We explore the physiological basis for this observation using murine whole heart preparations. Ventricular bipolar electrograms and monophasic action potentials were recorded from seven epicardial positions in Langendorff-perfused wild-type and Scn5a+/- hearts. VT first appeared in the RVOT, implicating it as an arrhythmogenic focus in Scn5a+/- hearts. RVOTs showed the greatest heterogeneity in refractory periods, response latencies, and action potential durations, and the most fractionated electrograms. However, incidences of concordant alternans in dynamic pacing protocol recordings were unaffected by the Scn5a+/- mutation or pharmacological intervention. Conversely, particularly at the RVOT, Scn5a+/- hearts showed earlier and more frequent transitions into discordant alternans. This was accentuated by flecainide, but reduced by quinidine, in parallel with their respective pro- and anti-arrhythmic effects. Discordant alternans preceded all episodes of VT. The RVOT of Scn5a+/- hearts also showed steeper restitution curves, with the diastolic interval at which the gradient equaled one strongly correlating with the diastolic interval at which discordant alternans commenced. We attribute the arrhythmic tendency within the RVOT to the greater spatial heterogeneities in baseline electrophysiological properties. These, in turn, give rise to a tendency to drive concordant alternans phenomena into an arrhythmogenic discordant alternans. Our findings may contribute to future work investigating possible pharmacological treatments for a disease in which the current mainstay of treatment is implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation.

PMID:
21097662
PMCID:
PMC3044044
DOI:
10.1152/ajpheart.00824.2010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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