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Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2011 Feb;300(2):L225-31. doi: 10.1152/ajplung.00264.2010. Epub 2010 Nov 19.

TNF/TNFR1 signaling mediates doxorubicin-induced diaphragm weakness.

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Department of Physiology, Center for Muscle Biology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40536-0298, USA.


Doxorubicin, a common chemotherapeutic agent, causes respiratory muscle weakness in both patients and rodents. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF), a proinflammatory cytokine that depresses diaphragm force, is elevated following doxorubicin chemotherapy. TNF-induced diaphragm weakness is mediated through TNF type 1 receptor (TNFR1). These findings lead us to hypothesize that TNF/TNFR1 signaling mediates doxorubicin-induced diaphragm muscle weakness. We tested this hypothesis by treating C57BL/6 mice with a clinical dose of doxorubicin (20 mg/kg) via intravenous injection. Three days later, we measured contractile properties of muscle fiber bundles isolated from the diaphragm. We tested the involvement of TNF/TNFR1 signaling using pharmaceutical and genetic interventions. Etanercept, a soluble TNF receptor, and TNFR1 deficiency protected against the depression in diaphragm-specific force caused by doxorubicin. Doxorubicin stimulated an increase in TNFR1 mRNA and protein (P < 0.05) in the diaphragm, along with colocalization of TNFR1 to the plasma membrane. These results suggest that doxorubicin increases diaphragm sensitivity to TNF by upregulating TNFR1, thereby causing respiratory muscle weakness.

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