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Eur J Surg Oncol. 2011 Feb;37(2):168-74. doi: 10.1016/j.ejso.2010.10.013. Epub 2010 Nov 20.

Altered expression of HSP27 and HSP70 in distal oesophageal mucosa in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease subjected to fundoplication.

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Department of Gastroenterology and Alimentary Tract Surgery, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.



Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a risk factor for oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Although fundoplication cures reflux symptoms and oesophagitis, it remains controversial whether it is capable of preventing the development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Hsp27 and Hsp70 are associated with the development of cancer, whereas the effect of fundoplication on them is not known.


The expression of Hsp27 and Hsp70 was assessed semiquantitatively from biopsies of oesophageal mucosa for a prospective cohort of 19 patients with GERD treated with fundoplication and 7 controls without GERD. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with biopsies from the oesophagogastric junction (EGJ) and the distal and proximal oesophagus were performed preoperatively (19 patients) and after recovery from GERD at 6 (19 patients) and 48 months (16 patients) postoperatively.


The expressions of both Hsp27 (p = 0.001) and Hsp70 (p = 0.002) in the distal oesophagus were lower in patients preoperatively and at 48 months postoperatively (p < 0.001 for both) than in controls. The patients' Hsp27 and Hsp70 levels were lower preoperatively in the proximal oesophagus (p = 0.048 for both) than in controls. Both Hsp27 (p = 0.002) and Hsp70 (p = 0.003) were lower in the distal oesophagus preoperatively and at 48 months postoperatively (p = 0.003 for Hsp27, p = 0.004 for Hsp70) than in the proximal oesophagus.


Our results indicate that there may be some factor interfering with the mucosal defence system of the distal oesophagus in GERD that is uninfluenced by fundoplication and not associated with the acid-reflux-normalizing effect.

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