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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2012 Jan 1;82(1):83-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2010.09.020. Epub 2010 Nov 20.

Impact of [11C]methionine positron emission tomography for target definition of glioblastoma multiforme in radiation therapy planning.

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Department of Radiation Oncology, Kizawa Memorial Hospital, Minokamo, Japan.



The purpose of this work was to define the optimal margins for gadolinium-enhanced T(1)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (Gd-MRI) and T(2)-weighted MRI (T(2)-MRI) for delineating target volumes in planning radiation therapy for postoperative patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) by comparison to carbon-11-labeled methionine positron emission tomography ([(11)C]MET-PET) findings.


Computed tomography (CT), MRI, and [(11)C]MET-PET were separately performed for radiation therapy planning for 32 patients newly diagnosed with GBM within 2 weeks after undergoing surgery. The extent of Gd-MRI (Gd-enhanced clinical target volume [CTV-Gd]) uptake and that of T(2)-MRI of the CTV (CTV-T(2)) were compared with the extent of [(11)C]MET-PET (CTV--[(11)C]MET-PET) uptake by using CT--MRI or CT--[(11)C]MET-PET fusion imaging. We defined CTV-Gd (x mm) and CTV-T(2) (x mm) as the x-mm margins (where x = 0, 2, 5, 10, and 20 mm) outside the CTV-Gd and the CTV-T(2), respectively. We evaluated the relationship between CTV-Gd (x mm) and CTV-- [(11)C]MET-PET and the relationship between CTV-T(2) (x mm) and CTV-- [(11)C]MET-PET.


The sensitivity of CTV-Gd (20 mm) (86.4%) was significantly higher than that of the other CTV-Gd. The sensitivity of CTV-T(2) (20 mm) (96.4%) was significantly higher than that of the other CTV-T(2) (x = 0, 2, 5, 10 mm). The highest sensitivity and lowest specificity was found with CTV-T(2) (x = 20 mm).


It is necessary to use a margin of at least 2 cm for CTV-T(2) for the initial target planning of radiation therapy. However, there is a limit to this setting in defining the optimal margin for Gd-MRI and T(2)-MRI for the precise delineation of target volumes in radiation therapy planning for postoperative patients with GBM.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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