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Blood Rev. 2011 Mar;25(2):53-63. doi: 10.1016/j.blre.2010.10.004. Epub 2010 Nov 20.

JAK2 inhibitors: what's the true therapeutic potential?

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1
Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Abstract

Physicians treating patients with the classic Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (Ph-negative MPNs) (polycythemia vera [PV], essential thrombocythemia [ET] and primary myelofibrosis [PMF]) traditionally had few therapeutic drugs available. Spurred by the discovery of activating mutation of the JAK2 tyrosine kinase (JAK2 V617F mutation) in patients with Ph-negative MPNs several years ago, several JAK2 inhibitors were synthesized and are currently undergoing clinical trials in patients with PMF, PV and ET. Initial results from these studies have shown that these drugs can markedly reduce spleen size and alleviate constitutional symptoms, increase weight and improve exercise capacity in MF patients, thus improve quality of their life, which is significant clinical benefit. In ET and PV JAK2 inhibitor therapy may efficiently control blood cell count, as well as improve splenomegaly and control disease related symptoms. JAK2 inhibitors are a novel class of agents with promising results for treating patients with MF, PV and ET. In this article we will review the current evidence regarding the role of JAK2 mutations in the pathogenesis of Ph-negative MPNs and summarize results from the most recent clinical trials with JAK2 inhibitors in these disorders. JAK2 inhibitors are a novel class of agents with promising results for treating patients with MF, PV and ET.

PMID:
21095048
PMCID:
PMC4406394
DOI:
10.1016/j.blre.2010.10.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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