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J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2010 Dec;49(12):1215-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2010.08.019. Epub 2010 Nov 11.

Preschool psychopathology reported by parents in 23 societies: testing the seven-syndrome model of the child behavior checklist for ages 1.5-5.

Author information

1
Vermont Center for Children, Youth and Families, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA. Masha.Ivanova@uvm.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test the fit of a seven-syndrome model to ratings of preschoolers' problems by parents in very diverse societies.

METHOD:

Parents of 19,106 children 18 to 71 months of age from 23 societies in Asia, Australasia, Europe, the Middle East, and South America completed the Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1.5-5 (CBCL/1.5-5). Confirmatory factor analyses were used to test the seven-syndrome model separately for each society.

RESULTS:

The primary model fit index, the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), indicated acceptable to good fit for each society. Although a six-syndrome model combining the Emotionally Reactive and Anxious/Depressed syndromes also fit the data for nine societies, it fit less well than the seven-syndrome model for seven of the nine societies. Other fit indices yielded less consistent results than the RMSEA.

CONCLUSIONS:

The seven-syndrome model provides one way to capture patterns of children's problems that are manifested in ratings by parents from many societies. Clinicians working with preschoolers from these societies can thus assess and describe parents' ratings of behavioral, emotional, and social problems in terms of the seven syndromes. The results illustrate possibilities for culture-general taxonomic constructs of preschool psychopathology. Problems not captured by the CBCL/1.5-5 may form additional syndromes, and other syndrome models may also fit the data.

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PMID:
21093771
PMCID:
PMC4247330
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaac.2010.08.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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