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Int J Infect Dis. 2011 Jan;15(1):e24-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2010.09.004. Epub 2010 Nov 18.

Immunogenicity and reactogenicity of a combined fully liquid DTPw-HepB-Hib pentavalent vaccine in healthy infants: no clinically relevant impact of a birth dose of hepatitis B vaccine.

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1
Hospital de Niños Ricardo Gutierrez, Epidemiología, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

In this open-label, non-randomized phase II study, the safety and immunogenicity of a fully liquid diphtheria-tetanus-whole cell pertussis-hepatitis B-Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTPw-HepB-Hib) combination vaccine (Quinvaxem(®)) were assessed in infants who had or had not received a birth dose of hepatitis B (HepB) vaccine.

STUDY DESIGN:

Two groups of infants, 'HepB at birth' (n=110) and 'no HepB at birth' (n=108), were enrolled and received a primary vaccination course using a 2-4-6 months schedule.

RESULTS:

Seroprotection/seroconversion rates of >95% were achieved against all antigens included in the combination vaccine for both study groups. Although significantly higher anti-hepatitis B virus (p<0.001) and anti-tetanus (p=0.031) antibody titers were achieved in group 'HepB at birth' when compared with group 'no HepB at birth', the proportion of 'no HepB at birth' subjects achieving protective titers was non-inferior to the proportion of subjects in group 'HepB at birth'. The birth dose of HepB vaccine did not seem to influence the safety pattern of the DTPw-HepB-Hib combination vaccine.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present study demonstrated that the fully liquid DTPw-HepB-Hib vaccine was safe and immunogenic when administered using a 2-4-6 months immunization schedule, regardless of whether or not infants had received a dose of HepB vaccine at birth.

PMID:
21093342
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijid.2010.09.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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