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J Fr Ophtalmol. 2010 Dec;33(10):718-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jfo.2010.10.006. Epub 2010 Nov 19.

[Using systemic corticotherapy for adult gonococcal keratoconjunctivitis: three case reports].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service d'ophtalmologie, hôpital Edouard-Herriot, pavillon C, université Lyon-1, 5, place d'Arsonval, 69003 Lyon, France. murielpoli@hotmail.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

adult gonococcal keratoconjunctivitis is a rare disease possibly leading to blindness, whose severity is related to the risk of corneal perforation and whose progression is conditioned by the rapidity of diagnosis and therapeutic management.

PURPOSE:

discuss the value of general corticotherapy in the treatment of scleritis associated with this disease.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

retrospective analysis of patients with adult gonococcal keratoconjunctivitis managed in an emergency setting in 2007.

OBSERVATION:

three patients aged 22-55 years contracted the disease during unprotected sexual activity. Involvement was bilateral in two cases out of three; the intensity of the signs was always asymmetrical. Each patient underwent stromal melting of the superior limbic structures, with severity proportional to the delay in treatment. For each case, systemic and local antibiotics did not control corneal thinning, which seemed correlated with the intensity of the systematically associated signs of scleral inflammation. Treatment of scleritis with general corticotherapy under antibiotic cover stabilized the corneal thickness.

DISCUSSION:

whether the physiopathology of perilimbic corneal thinning can lead to ocular perforation in this condition is unknown. In our experience, the stabilization of corneal thickness seems correlated with regression of the scleritis observed after introducing general corticotherapy, potentially indicating aseptic inflammatory involvement.

CONCLUSION:

stromal melting of the limbus observed in adult gonococcal keratoconjunctivitis seems to be related to the associated scleritis. Systemic corticotherapy controls progression and reduces the risk of corneal perforation.

PMID:
21093102
DOI:
10.1016/j.jfo.2010.10.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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