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Br J Dermatol. 2011 Jan;164(1):182-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2010.10037.x. Epub 2010 Nov 23.

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor activators protect sebocytes from apoptosis: a new treatment modality for acne?

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, University Hospital, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, Frankfurt/Main 60590, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The main function of the human sebaceous gland is sebum excretion. Increased sebum levels combined with follicular hyperkeratinization are a prerequisite of acne vulgaris. As peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are known to control lipid metabolism in several human tissues they have been considered to be involved in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris.

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the effect of activators of PPAR-α (WY14643), PPAR-γ (rosiglitazone) and PPAR-δ (L-165.041) on basal and staurosporine-induced apoptosis in the human sebocyte cell line SZ95 in vitro.

METHODS:

After defining the basal effects of PPAR activators on membrane integrity (lactate dehydrogenase release) and DNA synthesis (5-bromodeoxyuridine incorporation), apoptosis was determined by the release of histone-associated DNA fragments. The underlying signalling events were detected by Western blotting and the use of specific inhibitors against p44/42 and protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt.

RESULTS:

PPAR activators of all three subsets offer antiapoptotic effects, with L-165.041 being the most potent. This compound induced the activation of PKB/Akt and p44/42, two kinases involved in antiapoptosis and proliferation, respectively. An inhibition of these kinases by specific inhibitors reversed the suppression of histone-associated DNA fragments by L-165.041, indicating that these signalling pathways participate in the observed antiapoptotic effect.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present data suggest that activators of PPAR, in particular of the δ subset, might have beneficial effects on acne vulgaris by inhibiting the release of lipids in the context of sebocyte apoptosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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