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J Periodontol. 2011 Jun;82(6):893-9. doi: 10.1902/jop.2010.100513. Epub 2010 Nov 23.

Interleukin-8 gene promoter polymorphism (rs4073) may contribute to chronic periodontitis.

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Department of Morphology, Division of Histology, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, School of Dentistry at Piracicaba, State University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil.



The proinflammatory chemokine interleukin (IL)-8 is important in the regulation of the inflammatory response. Analyses of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) reference sequence (rs) 4073 showed that the A allele upregulated IL-8 levels after stimulation with lipopolysaccharides. We investigated the association of the SNP rs4073 with chronic periodontitis.


Genotyping was performed by a standard polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay in 289 genomic DNA samples of healthy control subjects and patients with chronic periodontitis; analyses were adjusted by multivariate logistic regression modeling. A real-time polymerase chain reaction performance was used to detect levels of the IL-8 mRNA.


The analysis pointed to a statistically significant association of chronic periodontitis with the heterozygous TA genotype (P = 0.001); the results showed an increase in the frequency of the A allele in the diseased group (36% in the control group versus 48% in the periodontitis group). The higher levels of the IL-8 mRNA were found in the periodontitis group, mainly in individuals who presented the TA genotype (P = 0.03).


The SNP rs4073 was associated with chronic periodontitis in non-smoker Brazilian subjects because the frequency of the A allele was higher in the disease group than in the control group, and the TA genotype was associated with increased levels of IL-8 mRNA transcripts.

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