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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Apr 4;52(5):2118-26. doi: 10.1167/iovs.10-6304.

Agonists at the serotonin receptor (5-HT(1A)) protect the retina from severe photo-oxidative stress.

Author information

1
Alcon Research, Ltd., Fort Worth, Texas 76134-2099, USA. robert.collier@alconlabs.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

5-HT(1A) agonists are neuroprotective in CNS injury models. The authors evaluated the efficacy of 5-HT(1A) agonists to protect the retina from severe blue light-induced photo-oxidative damage.

METHODS:

Albino rats were dosed (subcutaneously) with AL-8309A, 8-OH DPAT, or buspirone once or three times before 6-hour exposure to blue light. Electroretinograms (ERGs) were measured to assess retinal function, and retinal damage was evaluated by light microscopy. Topical ocular dosing with 1.75% AL-8309B was also evaluated. Rats were dosed with WAY-100635, a 5-HT(1A) antagonist, to determine whether protection required activation of the 5-HT(1A) receptor.

RESULTS:

ERG response amplitudes were significantly (P < 0.05) depressed more than 66% in vehicle-dosed rats after light exposure. ERGs were significantly higher in rats treated with AL-8309A (0.1-30 mg/kg), 8-OH DPAT (0.1-1 mg/kg), buspirone (5-20 mg/kg) or topical ocular with 1.75% AL-8309B. Retinas from AL-8309A and 8-OH DPAT-treated rats were devoid of histologic lesions. Significant protection was measured in rats dosed once 0, 24, or 48 hours before light exposure. Protection provided by dosing with AL-8309B or 8-OH DPAT was inhibited in rats predosed with WAY-100635.

CONCLUSIONS:

5-HT(1A) agonists provided potent and complete functional and structural protection. Protection was inhibited by treatment with WAY-100635, confirming the requirement for activating the 5-HT(1A) receptor in initiating this survival pathway. Single-dose experiments with AL-8309A suggest that the mechanism of protection is rapidly activated and protection persists for 48 hours. AL-8309B (1.75%) was effective after topical ocular dosing. AL-8309B is under evaluation in the clinic and may be useful in treating age-related macular degeneration.

PMID:
21087971
DOI:
10.1167/iovs.10-6304
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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