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Clin Chim Acta. 2011 Jan 30;412(3-4):365-9. doi: 10.1016/j.cca.2010.11.013. Epub 2010 Nov 16.

Characterization of the c.(-203)A>G variant in the glucocerebrosidase gene and its association with phenotype in Gaucher disease.

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Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), ISCIII, Zaragoza, Spain.



Gaucher disease (GD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused mainly by mutations in the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene. Great phenotypic variability has been observed among patients with the same genotype, suggesting other factors, such as polymorphic variants, might influence GD phenotypes. We previously reported the c.(-203)A>G (g.1256A>G) variant in exon 1 of the GBA gene in Spanish GD patients.


We analyzed the frequency and transcriptional activity of the promoter carrying the G-allele using restriction isotyping, electrophoretic mobility shift assay, cell culture, transfection, and luciferase assays.


We found the variant is present at a similar frequency to the control group. In our patients, the G-allele was always found in combination with another mutation in the same allele, and patients carrying the c.(-203)A>G variant showed a more severe GD phenotype. The promoter containing the G-allele showed a 35% reduction in promoter activity when transfected into HepG2 cells.


The c.(-203)A>G variant seems to be a polymorphism resulting in a decrease in activity of the GBA promoter. The change, per se, is not enough to elicit a GD phenotype, but it may produce a more severe phenotype in GD patients when combined with an already defective GBA protein.

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