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Cell Cycle. 2010 Dec 1;9(23):4638-49. Epub 2010 Dec 1.

STAT1 interacts directly with cyclin D1/Cdk4 and mediates cell cycle arrest.

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Medical Molecular Biology Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK.

Erratum in


In response to IFN-γ, the latent cytoplasmic STAT1 protein is tyrosine phosphorylated and translocates to the nucleus where it transactivates STAT1-responsive genes. We now present data that shows that STAT1 has additional non-transcriptional functions. We first demonstrate that STAT1 can interact directly with the G1 cell cycle regulatory cyclin D1 and CDK4 proteins, suggesting a role for STAT1 in G1 cell cycle regulation. Acute IFN-γ treatment dramatically reduced cyclin D1 protein expression and the interaction of STAT1 with cyclin D1. The IFN-γ-induced reduction in cyclin D1 was dependent on the proteasome pathway. Interestingly, the STAT1 serine 727 phosphorylation site and not the STAT1 tyrosine 701 site is required for cyclin D1-dependent proteosomal degradation. Furthermore, IFN-γ-STAT1 cyclin D1 reduction correlated with decreased amount of p-Rb Ser-795, cyclin E and increased amounts of the cell cycle inhibitors p27(Kip1) and p21(Cip1). Finally, STAT1 deficient cells not only proliferate at a greater rate, but have enhanced phosphorylated pRb-(S795), cyclin E and reduced p27(Kip1) and p21(Cip1). Our results suggest that there is a time-dependent hierarchy of events following IFN-γ-STAT1 which begins with the rapid reduction of cyclin D1 levels that is dependent on STAT1 directly interacting with the cyclin D1/Cdk4 complex. This is then followed by a later sustained up-regulation of p27(Kip1) and p21(Cip1) that may be dependent on STAT1 transcriptional activity. Thus, these results highlight a dual role of STAT1 that may require both its non-transcriptional as well as it known transcriptional function.

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