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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Feb;96(2):459-67. doi: 10.1210/jc.2010-1722. Epub 2010 Nov 17.

Ectopic fat storage in the pancreas, liver, and abdominal fat depots: impact on β-cell function in individuals with impaired glucose metabolism.

Author information

1
Diabetes Center/Department of Internal Medicine, Vrije Universiteit University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands. nj.vdzijl@vumc.nl

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Pancreatic fat content (PFC) may have deleterious effects on β-cell function.

OBJECTIVE:

We hypothesized that ectopic fat deposition, in particular pancreatic fat accumulation, is related to β-cell dysfunction in individuals with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and/or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).

DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:

This was a cross-sectional study in 64 age- and body mass index-matched individuals, with normal glucose tolerance (NGT; n = 16, 60% males), IFG (n = 29, 52% males), or IFG/IGT (n = 19, 63% males) was conducted.

INTERVENTION AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Participants underwent the following: 1) a combined hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic and hyperglycemic clamp, with subsequent arginine stimulation to quantify insulin sensitivity and β-cell function; 2) proton-magnetic resonance spectroscopy to assess PFC and liver fat content (LFC); and 3) magnetic resonance imaging to quantify visceral (VAT) and sc (SAT) adipose tissue. The disposition index (DI; insulin sensitivity adjusted β-cell function) was assessed.

RESULTS:

IFG and IFG/IGT were more insulin resistant (P < 0.001) compared with NGT. Individuals with IFG/IGT had the lowest values of glucose- and arginine-stimulated C-peptide secretion (both P < 0.03) and DI (P < 0.001), relative to IFG and NGT. PFC and LFC gradually increased between NGT, IFG, and IFG/IGT (P = 0.02 and P = 0.01, respectively), whereas VAT and SAT were similar between groups. No direct associations were found between PFC, LFC, VAT, and SAT and C-peptide secretion. The DI was inversely correlated with PFC, LFC, and VAT (all P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

PFC was increased in individuals with IFG and/or IGT, without a direct relation with β-cell function.

PMID:
21084401
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2010-1722
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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