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Bioanalysis. 2010 Nov;2(11):1893-908. doi: 10.4155/bio.10.120.

Dried blood spots in HIV monitoring: applications in resource-limited settings.

Author information

1
Department of Infectious Diseases, Oslo University Hospital, Ulleval, Oslo, Norway. asgeir.johannessen@medisin.uio.no

Abstract

By the end of 2008, 4 million people were receiving antiretroviral treatment for HIV/AIDS in low- and middle-income countries. In industrialized countries, monitoring of treatment with viral load measurements and drug resistance testing is the standard of care to ensure early detection of treatment failure and a prompt switch to a fully active second-line regimen, before drug-resistant mutations accumulate. These tests, however, require highly specialized laboratories and stringent procedures for storage and shipment of plasma, and are rarely available in resource-limited settings. Therefore, treatment failure in such settings is usually not detected until patients develop severe immunodeficiency, at which stage widespread resistance is likely. Dried blood spots (DBS) are easy to collect and store, and can be a convenient alternative to plasma in settings with limited laboratory capacity. This review provides an overview of possible applications of DBS technologies in the monitoring of HIV treatment, with the main focus on viral load quantification and drug resistance testing.

PMID:
21083497
DOI:
10.4155/bio.10.120
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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