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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2011 Jun;27(6):687-92. doi: 10.1089/AID.2010.0282. Epub 2011 Jan 23.

Accumulation of P(T/S)AP late domain duplications in HIV type 1 subtypes B, C, and F derived from individuals failing ARV therapy and ARV drug-naive patients.

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Molecular Virology Laboratory, Department of Genetics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


HIV-1 budding requires short peptide motifs in p6(Gag), known as late domains, that promote the release of infectious virions. The primary late domain of HIV-1 is a Pro-(Thr/Ser)-Ala-Pro (hereafter referred to as a PTAP) motif. This motif may be completely or partially duplicated. In this work we analyzed p6(Gag) sequences from 547 isolates from drug-naive patients and 213 isolates from patients failing HAART therapy. Complete duplications within PTAP were selected during HAART therapy in all HIV-1 subtypes analyzed: B (p = 0.0338), F1 (p = 0.0294), and C (p = 0.0001). Nevertheless, the patterns of these duplications were different; subtype C isolates accumulated longer duplications and displayed a higher frequency of duplications in both treated (54%) and drug-naive isolates (23%). Accumulation of PTAP duplications within subtypes B, F1, and C during therapy suggests a potential role of the duplications in antiretroviral drug resistance.

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