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Phys Med Biol. 2010 Dec 7;55(23):7377-95. doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/55/23/013. Epub 2010 Nov 16.

Female workers and in vivo lung monitoring: a simple model for morphological dependence of counting efficiency curves.

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  • 1Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN), Laboratoire d'Evaluation de la Dose Interne, IRSN/DRPH/SDI/LEDI, Fontenay-aux-Roses, France.


This paper addresses the question of the morphological dependence of counting efficiency curves for in vivo lung monitoring of workers, with a particular focus on the case of female workers for whom different chest girth and cup size are considered. A library of 24 female torsos, with chest girth varying from 85 to 120 and cup size from A to F, was constructed using mesh and NURBS formats. The anatomical realism and usefulness of these models for simulating in vivo counting measurements are illustrated and simulations are reported for a typical 4-germanium (Ge) counting system. A simple analytic formula describing the relation between efficiency curves obtained for each female phantom is given. This formula uses the mass attenuation coefficient for adipose tissue and two parameters which are dependant on lung volume and breast weight. The model is tested against Monte Carlo simulated data, experimental data obtained with the Livermore phantom and published data. The model correctly describes the efficiency curve and, since the parameters depend on the counting geometry, it is shown how to estimate them from experimental measurements.

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