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Eur J Clin Invest. 1990 Feb;20(1):111-7.

Tubular site of renal sodium retention in ascitic liver cirrhosis evaluated by lithium clearance.

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1
Istituto di Medicina Clinica, Universit√° di Padova, Italy.

Abstract

Renal tubular sodium handling was evaluated in 27 non-azotemic cirrhotic patients with ascites and positive sodium balance and in 17 controls after at least 5 days of a constant sodium intake using the lithium clearance as an index of fluid delivery to the distal tubule. Plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone were also evaluated. Sodium fractional excretion, filtered sodium load, absolute sodium distal delivery, lithium fractional excretion and absolute distal sodium reabsorption were significantly lower in cirrhotics than in controls (0.58 +/- 0.11 vs. 1.29 +/- 0.12%, P less than 0.001; 12529 +/- 677 vs. 15707 +/- 796 microEq min-1 1.73 m-2 BSA, P less than 0.005; 2384 +/- 135.2 vs. 3685 +/- 219.3 microEq min-1 1.73 m-2 BSA, P less than 0.001; 19.5 +/- 1.0 vs. 24.2 +/- 1.3%, P less than 0.01; 2299 +/- 127 vs. 3485 +/- 214 microEq min-1 1.73 m-2 BSA, P less than 0.001, respectively). A correlation was found between lithium clearance and sodium clearance only in cirrhotic patients (r = 0.62; P less than 0.01). Distal sodium reabsorption evaluated as a per cent of filtered sodium load was lower in cirrhotics than in controls (19.1 +/- 1.0 vs. 22.4 +/- 1.2%, P less than 0.05) while distal sodium reabsorption evaluated as a per cent of sodium distal delivery was higher in cirrhotics than in controls (96.7 +/- 0.4 vs. 94.4 +/- 0.5%, P less than 0.005).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
2108033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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