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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2011 Feb;67(2):465-74. doi: 10.1007/s00280-010-1507-6. Epub 2010 Nov 16.

A phase I study of bevacizumab (B) in combination with everolimus (E) and erlotinib (E) in advanced cancer (BEE).

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1
Duke University Medical Center, Seeley G. Mudd Bldg, 10 Bryan Searle Drive, Box 3052, Durham, NC 27710, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

VEGF, mTOR, and EGFR inhibitors have demonstrated anti-tumor and anti-angiogenic effects alone and in combination with each other. This study evaluated the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of bevacizumab, everolimus, and erlotinib combination.

METHODS:

Doublet therapy consisted of bevacizumab at 10 mg/kg every 14 days and everolimus 5 mg daily which escalated to 10 mg daily. Erlotinib 75 mg daily was added to the phase II dose recommended phase II dose (RPTD) of bevacizumab and everolimus. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was assessed in cycle 1.

RESULTS:

Forty-eight patients with advanced solid malignancies were evaluable for DLT and efficacy. No DLTs were observed in the doublet dose escalation. Two DLTs (grade 3 mucositis and grade 3 rash) were observed with the addition of erlotinib 75 mg daily. Consequently, triplet doses were adjusted and were better tolerated. Four patients had a partial response. Median progression-free survival (PFS) for the doublet therapy was 6.0 months (0.5 to 32+ months) and 5.5 months (0.8 to 27+ months) for the triplet therapy. Systemic exposure of everolimus was significantly higher in combination with erlotinib (476 ± 161 ng h/mL) compared to when given alone (393 ± 156 ng h/mL; P = 0.020).

CONCLUSIONS:

The RPTD for the doublet therapy is bevacizumab 10 mg/kg every 14 days and everolimus 10 mg daily, and the RPTD for the triplet therapy is bevacizumab 5 mg/kg every 14 days, everolimus 5 mg and erlotinib 75 mg daily. Prolonged disease stability was demonstrated in tumors known to respond to mTOR inhibition and potentially resistant to VEGF blockade.

PMID:
21079958
PMCID:
PMC4086252
DOI:
10.1007/s00280-010-1507-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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