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Iran Biomed J. 2010 Jul;14(3):67-75.

Radiosensitivity and repair kinetics of gamma-irradiated leukocytes from sporadic prostate cancer patients and healthy individuals assessed by alkaline comet assay.

Author information

1
Dept. of Medical Physics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2
Dept. of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
3
Dept. of Medical Genetics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
4
Institute of Medical Radiation Biology, University Hospital, Essen, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Impaired DNA repair mechanism is one of the main causes of tumor genesis. Study of intrinsic radiosensitivity of cancer patients in a non-target tissue (e.g. peripheral blood) might show the extent of DNA repair deficiency of cells in affected individuals and might be used a predictor of cancer predisposition.

METHODS:

Initial radiation-induced DNA damage (ratio of Tail DNA/Head DNA), dose-response curves and kinetics of DNA repair in leukocytes from healthy volunteers and prostate cancer patients were assessed using alkaline comet assay after exposure to 60Co gamma rays.

RESULTS:

Results showed that higher levels of baseline and gamma rays induced DNA damage in leukocytes of prostate cancer cases than in controls. A similar dose response was obtained for both groups. After a repair time of 24 h following in vitro irradiation, samples from the healthy individuals showed no residual DNA damage in their leukocytes, whereas prostate cancer patients revealed more than 20 percent. Although similar initial radiosensitivity was observed for both groups, the repair kinetics of radiation induced DNA damage of leukocytes from prostate cancer cases and healthy subjects were statistically different.

CONCLUSION:

These results support the hypothesis that men affected by prostate cancer may have a constitutional genomic instability.

KEYWORDS:

Leukocytes; DNA damage; Radiosensitivity; Prostate cancer; Comet assay

PMID:
21079656
PMCID:
PMC3904056
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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