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Clin J Sport Med. 2010 Nov;20(6):475-81. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e3181fb5370.

Women and anabolic steroids: an analysis of a dozen users.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, Touro University-CA, Vallejo, California, USA. eric.ip@tu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To provide an in-depth analysis of 12 female self-reported anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) users.

DESIGN:

Web-based survey.

SETTING:

A Web-based survey was posted on 38 discussion boards of various fitness, bodybuilding, weightlifting, and steroid Web sites between February and June 2009.

INTERVENTIONS:

Participants completed a survey regarding demographics and use of AAS and other performance-enhancing agents (PEAs).

PARTICIPANTS:

A cohort of 1519 strength-trained subjects fully completed and submitted a valid survey. Five hundred eighteen subjects were self-reported AAS users consisting of 12 women and 506 men. One thousand one subjects were non-AAS users consisting of 230 women and 771 men.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Demographic data and use of AAS and other PEAs.

RESULTS:

The female AAS users reported using an average of 8.8 PEAs in their routine. Compared with male AAS users and female non-AAS users, respectively, female AAS users were more likely to have met criteria for substance-dependence disorder (58.3% vs 23.4%; P = 0.01; 58.3% vs 9.1%; P < 0.001), have been diagnosed with a psychiatric illness (50.0% vs 17.4%; P = 0.01; 50.0% vs 22.2%; P = 0.04), and have reported a history of sexual abuse (41.7% vs 6.1%; P < 0.001; 41.7% vs 15.3%; P = 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS:

Female AAS users practice polypharmacy. Female AAS users are more likely to have qualified for substance-dependence disorder, have been diagnosed with a psychiatric illness, and have a history of sexual abuse than both male AAS users and female non-AAS users.

PMID:
21079445
DOI:
10.1097/JSM.0b013e3181fb5370
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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