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Brain Res. 2011 Mar 22;1380:34-41. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.11.031. Epub 2010 Nov 12.

Is schizophrenia on the autism spectrum?

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University of Washington and Seattle Children's Autism Center, Seattle, WA 98105, USA.


With the ongoing consideration of the diagnostic criteria for mental disorders that is active in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) revision processes, it is timely to review the phenomenological overlap between autism and schizophrenia. These disorders have at various times been regarded alternatively as closely related and as non-overlapping and incompatible. Nevertheless, there are several reports in the literature that have described individuals with both autism and schizophrenia, and the broader phenotypes of these disorders clearly intersect. Recent studies reveal theory of mind deficits in both disorders, and mirror neuron impairments also appear to be shared. There also may be similar connectivity deficits emerging in functional imaging studies, and both disorders share several genetic signals that are being identified through detection of copy number variants. Taken together, these data suggest that it may be time to revisit the possibility that these disorders are related.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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