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APMIS. 1990 Mar;98(3):203-11.

Induction of experimental chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection with P. aeruginosa entrapped in alginate microspheres.

Author information

1
Dept. of Clinical Microbiology, Rigshospitalet, Statens Seruminstitut, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

Alginate-producing, mucoid P. aeruginosa is frequently found in the lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), where it causes a chronic infection. The importance of alginate in the pathogenesis was demonstrated by the ability to establish chronic P. aeruginosa lung infection in rats if P. aeruginosa entrapped in minute alginate-beads were inoculated transtracheally. Alginate beads containing P. aeruginosa were formed by nebulizing a suspension of seaweed sodium-alginate and P. aeruginosa into a calcium solution. The alginate bead method of establishing infection was compared to an agar-bead method and proved to be quantitatively similar after 4 weeks. The ability of the two methods to induce formation of precipitins, IgA and IgG antibodies against P. aeruginosa antigens, including outer membrane proteins, flagella, exoenzymes and alginate, was assessed by crossed immunoelectrophoresis, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunoblotting. The two methods of inducing infection were comparable and infected rats had significantly higher antibody response than rats inoculated with sterile beads. We suggest that the alginate bead model closely resembles the later stages of CF-lung infection and that it offers the theoretical advantage of using a substance which is chemically similar to the alginate produced in vivo by P. aeruginosa.

PMID:
2107827
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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