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Med Mycol. 2011 May;49(4):400-5. doi: 10.3109/13693786.2010.533391. Epub 2010 Nov 15.

Palatal mucormycosis in patients with hematologic malignancy and stem cell transplantation.

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  • 1Department of Infectious Diseases, Infection Control and Employee Health, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


We present two patients with acute myelogenous leukemia who developed palatal mucormycosis, as well as a review of 15 well described reported cases of the same condition in patients who had hematologic malignancy and had undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Early diagnosis of palatal mucormycosis requires high suspicion of the disease along with a thorough oral examination. Mucormycosis is a devastating disease with a high mortality rate, thereby stressing the importance for early appropriate antifungal therapy in immunocompromised patients with palatal lesions while awaiting the results of histopathology and cultures.

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