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Nat Methods. 2010 Dec;7(12):969-71. doi: 10.1038/nmeth.1531. Epub 2010 Nov 14.

Measurement of mechanical tractions exerted by cells in three-dimensional matrices.

Author information

1
Department of Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Abstract

Quantitative measurements of cell-generated forces have heretofore required that cells be cultured on two-dimensional substrates. We describe a technique to quantitatively measure three-dimensional traction forces exerted by cells fully encapsulated in well-defined elastic hydrogel matrices. Using this approach we measured traction forces for several cell types in various contexts and revealed patterns of force generation attributable to morphologically distinct regions of cells as they extend into the surrounding matrix.

PMID:
21076420
PMCID:
PMC3056435
DOI:
10.1038/nmeth.1531
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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