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J Immunol. 2010 Dec 15;185(12):7151-5. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1003193. Epub 2010 Nov 12.

Cutting edge: Lymphoproliferation caused by Fas deficiency is dependent on the transcription factor eomesodermin.

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  • 1Abramson Family Cancer Research Institute, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Abstract

A hallmark of autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS), caused by mutation of the Fas death receptor, is massive lymphadenopathy from aberrant expansion of CD4(-)CD8(-) (double-negative [DN]) T cells. Eomesodermin (Eomes) is a member of the T-box family of transcription factors and plays critical roles in effector cell function and memory cell fitness of CD8(+) T lymphocytes. We provide evidence in this study that DN T cells exhibit dysregulated expression of Eomes in humans and mice with ALPS. We also find that T cell-specific deletion of Eomes prevents lymphoid hypertrophy and accumulation of DN T cells in Fas-mutant mice. Although Eomes has critical physiological roles in the function and homeostasis of CD8(+) T cells, overexpression of Eomes appears to enable pathological induction or expansion of unusual CD8-related T cell subsets. Thus, antagonism of Eomes emerges as a therapeutic target for DN T cell ablation in ALPS.

PMID:
21076068
PMCID:
PMC2997140
DOI:
10.4049/jimmunol.1003193
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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