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J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2010 Oct;43(5):354-9. doi: 10.1016/S1684-1182(10)60056-4.

Application of a molecular method for the classification of human enteroviruses and its correlation with clinical manifestations.

Author information

1
Division of Infectious Diseases, Taipei Veterans General Hospital and National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE:

A new molecular classification scheme has recently been adopted that groups all enteroviruses into four species, designated human enterovirus A (HEV-A) through D. In this study, we tried to demonstrate the correlation between this molecular classification scheme and clinical manifestations in patients.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reclassified the clinical isolates of enteroviruses from the preceding 4.5 years in our virology laboratory using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and reviewed the clinical manifestations of 138 pediatric patients.

RESULTS:

We reclassified 23 isolates of the five serotypes into the HEV-A group, 110 isolates of 16 sero-types into the HEV-B group, five isolates into the HEV-C group, and no isolate of the HEV-D group. HEV-A species caused significantly more hand-foot-and-mouth disease (p < 0.001), herpangina (p = 0.029), and myoclonic jerks (p < 0.001) compared with HEV-B species. However, HEV-B species caused significantly more pharyngitis (p = 0.043), respiratory tract infections (p = 0.046), nausea and vomiting (p = 0.007), and aseptic meningitis (p = 0.001). The only death in our report was caused by coxsackievirus A16, which belonged to the HEV-A group.

CONCLUSION:

The association between the molecular classification of enteroviruses and related disease patterns is an important finding. We suggest that this molecular classification could be applied in a clinical laboratory as an alternative method under certain circumstances, such as limited availability of antisera or questionable serotyping results, to identify the untypeable isolates.

PMID:
21075700
DOI:
10.1016/S1684-1182(10)60056-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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