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Biochimie. 2011 Mar;93(3):457-68. doi: 10.1016/j.biochi.2010.11.001. Epub 2010 Nov 12.

New insight into the Nox4 subcellular localization in HEK293 cells: first monoclonal antibodies against Nox4.

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GREPI Timc-Imag UMR-CNRS 5525, Enzymologie/CHU Albert Michallon, Grenoble, France.


Nox4, a member of Nox family of NADPH oxidase expressed in nonphagocytic cells, is a major source of reactive oxygen species in many cell types. But understanding of the role of Nox4 in the production of ROS and of regulation mechanism of oxidase activity is largely unknown. This study reports for the first time the generation and characterization of 5 mAbs against a recombinant Nox4 protein (AA: 206-578). Among 5 novel mAbs, 3 mAbs (8E9, 5F9, 6B11) specifically recognized Nox4 protein in HEK293 transfected cells or human kidney cortex by western blot analysis; mAb 8E9 reacted with intact tet-induced T-REx™ Nox4 cells in FACS studies. The other 2 mAbs 10B4 and 7C9 were shown to have a very weak reactivity after purification. Immunofluorescence confocal microscopy showed that Nox4 localized not only in the perinuclear and endoplasmic reticulum regions but also at the plasma membrane of the cells which was further confirmed by TIRF-microscopy. Epitope determination showed that mAb 8E9 recognizes a region on the last extracellular loop of Nox4, while mAbs 6B11 and 5F9 are directed to its cytosolic tail. Contrary to mAb 6B11, mAb 5F9 failed to detect Nox4 at the plasma membrane. Cell-free oxidase assays demonstrated a moderate but significant inhibition of constitutive Nox4 activity by mAbs 5F9 and 6B11. In conclusion, 5 mAbs raised against Nox4 were generated for the first time. 3 of them will provide powerful tools for a structure/function relationship of Nox4 and for physiopathological investigations in humans.

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