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Oncogene. 1990 Mar;5(3):327-35.

2-Aminopurine abolishes EGF- and TPA-stimulated pp33 phosphorylation and c-fos induction without affecting the activation of protein kinase C.

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Department of Biochemistry, Oxford University.


Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) and Tetradecanoyl Phorbol Acetate (TPA) initiate signalling cascades in C3H 10T1/2 fibroblasts by primarily activating distinct protein kinases, the EGF receptor tyrosine kinase and protein kinase C respectively; there is no signal crossover at the initiation of signalling. Nevertheless, we show here that both agents rapidly elicit common intracellular responses, including the phosphorylation of complexed and chromatin-associated forms of a 33 kDa phosphoprotein (pp33), that of a 15 kDa chromatin-associated phosphoprotein (pp15), as well as the transcriptional activation of a common subset of genes including the c-fos proto-oncogene. 2-aminopurine specifically abolishes complexed and chromatin-associated pp33 phosphorylation in response to EGF and TPA, as well as the induction of c-fos by both agents. The activation of protein kinase C and the levels of transcription factors that bind to the serum response element (SRE), TPA response element (TRE) or NFkB sites in stimulated cells are relatively unaffected by 2-aminopurine. This, to our knowledge, is the first demonstration that it is possible, by using 2-aminopurine which selectively blocks TPA-stimulated pp33 phosphorylation, to block c-fos induction in TPA-treated cells although protein kinase C remains fully active. Further, we show here that although EGF- and TPA-stimulated induction of c-fos is abolished by 2-aminopurine, the appearance of TRE-binding activity in nuclear extracts of stimulated cells is unaffected, suggesting that EGF- and TPA-stimulated induction of TRE-binding activity utilises existing proteins and is not dependent on fresh c-FOS synthesis. These results imply that 2-aminopurine-sensitive complexed and chromatin-associated pp33 phosphorylation may be crucial to c-fos induction in response to EGF and TPA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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