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Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2011 Feb;158(2):229-34. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2010.11.007. Epub 2010 Nov 11.

Metabolic rate and oxidative stress in insects exposed to low temperature thermal fluctuations.

Author information

1
Université de Lyon 1, UMR CNRS 5023, Bd du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France.

Abstract

Fluctuating temperatures are a predominant feature of the natural environment but their effects on ectotherm physiology are not well-understood. The warm periods of fluctuating thermal regimes (FTRs) provide opportunities for repair leading to increased survival, but there are also indications of negative effects of warm exposure. In this study, we examined respiration and oxidative stress in adult Alphitobius diaperinus exposed to FTRs and to constant low temperatures. We hypothesized that cold exposure will cause oxidative stress and that FTRs would reduce the amount of chill injuries, via activation of the antioxidant system. We measured V˙CO2, activities of super oxide dismutase (SOD), amounts of total (GSHt) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) during cold and warm periods of FTRs. Increased severity of cold exposure caused a decrease in the glutathione pool. SOD levels increased during the recovery period in the more severe FTR. The antioxidant response was sufficient to counter the reactive oxygen species production, as the GSH:GSSG ratio increased. We conclude that cold stress causes oxidative damage in these beetles, and that a warm recovery period activates the antioxidant system allowing repair of cold-induced damage, leading to the increased survival previously noted in beetles exposed to fluctuating versus constant temperatures.

PMID:
21074633
DOI:
10.1016/j.cbpa.2010.11.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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