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Res Vet Sci. 2011 Dec;91(3):486-97. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2010.10.002. Epub 2010 Nov 11.

Molecular epidemiology of bluetongue virus serotype 1 isolated in 2006 from Algeria.

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CIRAD, UMR Contrôle des Maladies, F-34398 Montpellier, France.


This study reports on an outbreak of disease that occurred in central Algeria during July 2006. Sheep in the affected area presented clinical signs typical of bluetongue (BT) disease. A total of 5245 sheep in the affected region were considered to be susceptible, with 263 cases and thirty-six deaths. Bluetongue virus (BTV) serotype 1 was isolated and identified as the causative agent. Segments 2, 7 and 10 of this virus were sequenced and compared with other isolates from Morocco, Italy, Portugal and France showing that they all belong to a 'western' BTV group/topotype and collectively represent a western Mediterranean lineage of BTV-1.

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