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PLoS One. 2010 Nov 2;5(11):e13559. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013559.

Structural studies of the tandem Tudor domains of fragile X mental retardation related proteins FXR1 and FXR2.

Author information

1
Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Expansion of the CGG trinucleotide repeat in the 5'-untranslated region of the FMR1, fragile X mental retardation 1, gene results in suppression of protein expression for this gene and is the underlying cause of Fragile X syndrome. In unaffected individuals, the FMRP protein, together with two additional paralogues (Fragile X Mental Retardation Syndrome-related Protein 1 and 2), associates with mRNA to form a ribonucleoprotein complex in the nucleus that is transported to dendrites and spines of neuronal cells. It is thought that the fragile X family of proteins contributes to the regulation of protein synthesis at sites where mRNAs are locally translated in response to stimuli.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Here, we report the X-ray crystal structures of the non-canonical nuclear localization signals of the FXR1 and FXR2 autosomal paralogues of FMRP, which were determined at 2.50 and 1.92 Å, respectively. The nuclear localization signals of the FXR1 and FXR2 comprise tandem Tudor domain architectures, closely resembling that of UHRF1, which is proposed to bind methylated histone H3K9.

CONCLUSIONS:

The FMRP, FXR1 and FXR2 proteins comprise a small family of highly conserved proteins that appear to be important in translational regulation, particularly in neuronal cells. The crystal structures of the N-terminal tandem Tudor domains of FXR1 and FXR2 revealed a conserved architecture with that of FMRP. Biochemical analysis of the tandem Tudor domains reveals their ability to preferentially recognize trimethylated peptides in a sequence-specific manner.

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PMID:
21072162
PMCID:
PMC2970552
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0013559
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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