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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2010 Dec;30(12):2341-9. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.110.207522. Epub 2010 Nov 11.

Signaling during platelet adhesion and activation.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA.

Abstract

Upon vascular injury, platelets are activated by adhesion to adhesive proteins, such as von Willebrand factor and collagen, or by soluble platelet agonists, such as ADP, thrombin, and thromboxane A(2). These adhesive proteins and soluble agonists induce signal transduction via their respective receptors. The various receptor-specific platelet activation signaling pathways converge into common signaling events that stimulate platelet shape change and granule secretion and ultimately induce the "inside-out" signaling process leading to activation of the ligand-binding function of integrin α(IIb)β(3). Ligand binding to integrin α(IIb)β(3) mediates platelet adhesion and aggregation and triggers "outside-in" signaling, resulting in platelet spreading, additional granule secretion, stabilization of platelet adhesion and aggregation, and clot retraction. It has become increasingly evident that agonist-induced platelet activation signals also cross talk with integrin outside-in signals to regulate platelet responses. Platelet activation involves a series of rapid positive feedback loops that greatly amplify initial activation signals and enable robust platelet recruitment and thrombus stabilization. Recent studies have provided novel insight into the molecular mechanisms of these processes.

PMID:
21071698
PMCID:
PMC3085271
DOI:
10.1161/ATVBAHA.110.207522
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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