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Neonatal Netw. 2010 Nov-Dec;29(6):359-66.

Sensorimotor interventions improve growth and motor function in preterm infants.

Author information

1
School of Physical & Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada. sandra.fucile@mail.mcgill.ca

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess the effect of an oral (O+O), a tactile/kinesthetic (T/K+T/K), and a combined (O+T/K) intervention on preterm infants' weight gain and motor function and to determine whether the combined O+T/K intervention has an additive/synergistic effect on outcomes.

DESIGN/SAMPLE:

Seventy-five preterm infants were randomized into an O+O intervention consisting of oral stimulation, a T/K+T/K intervention involving whole body stimulation, an O+T/K intervention, and a control group. Interventions were administered for 15 minutes, twice a day, for ten days.

OUTCOMES:

Weight gain, motor function.

RESULTS:

The O+O and T/K+T/K groups had greater weight gain during the intervention period than did controls (p ≤.025). The T/K+T/K and O+T/K groups had better motor function than did controls (p ≤.017).

CONCLUSION:

Single and combined interventions improved growth and motor function. The combined intervention, because of the shorter duration of each modality, did not lead to additive/synergistic effects, suggesting that the duration of the sensorimotor input is as important as its target in achieving defined outcomes.

PMID:
21071361
DOI:
10.1891/0730-0832.29.6.359
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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