Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Pharmacol. 2011 Jan 15;650(2-3):703-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2010.10.062. Epub 2010 Nov 9.

The DPP-4 inhibitor vildagliptin increases pancreatic beta cell mass in neonatal rats.

Author information

1
Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Inc., 100 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

Abstract

The present study addressed the effect of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor vildagliptin ((1-[[(3-hydroxy-1-adamantyl) amino] acetyl]-2-cyano-(S)-pyrrolidine), LAF237) on pancreatic beta cell mass in neonatal rats. Newborn rats were treated orally with vildagliptin (60 mg/kg) or vehicle once daily for 19 days starting from postnatal day 2. Pancreatic immunohistochemistry and morphometric analysis were performed to evaluate changes in beta cell mass, cell apoptosis (Apoptag stain) and replication (5'-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU)-incorporation) on days 7, 21, and 33. On day 7, an eight-fold increase in BrdU-positive pancreatic beta cells and a 71% decrease in Apoptag-positive cells were observed. On day 21, vildagliptin produced a two-fold increase in pancreatic beta cell mass compared to placebo (0.06±0.01 mg vs 0.11±0.02 mg, P<0.05). Beta cell mass remained elevated (90%, 0.09±0.02 mg vs 0.16±0.03 mg, P<0.05) on day 33, twelve days after discontinuing vildagliptin treatment. These data show that the DPP-4 inhibitor vildagliptin increased pancreatic beta cell mass through enhanced beta cell replication and reduced apoptosis. The increased beta cell mass was sustained for 12 days after vildagliptin washout. This study demonstrates that DPP-4 inhibitors can elicit beneficial effects on beta cell turnover that could help to prevent or retard the progression of type 2 diabetes.

PMID:
21070766
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejphar.2010.10.062
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center