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Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2011 Jul;39(5):456-61. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-9071.2010.02456.x. Epub 2011 Jan 14.

Intraoperative mydriasis by intracameral injection of mydriatic eye drops: in vivo efficacy and in vitro safety studies.

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1
Miyata Eye Hospital, Miyazaki, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study investigated the efficacy and safety of intracameral injection of commercially available eye drops containing 0.5% tropicamide and 0.5% phenylephrine hydrochloride (Mydrin-P, Santen Pharmaceutical, Osaka, Japan).

DESIGN:

In vitro experiment and prospective clinical study at a private hospital.

PARTICIPANTS AND SAMPLES:

Mydrin-P was applied to confluent cultured human corneal endothelial cells, and the cellular morphology was examined. Clinical study subjects were 65 eyes of 65 patients that underwent phaco-emulsification and aspiration with intraocular lens implantation and received intracameral injection of Mydrin-P for poor mydriasis after preoperative topical instillation of mydriatics (intraocular mydriasis group; with five subgroups based on cause: diabetes, pseudo-exfoliation, post-surgery, uveitis, unknown). Controls, comprising 39 eyes of 39 patients, were not injected with Mydrin-P.

METHODS:

The ratio of pupillary diameter to corneal diameter was determined before and after injection of Mydrin-P. Corneal endothelial density was measured preoperatively and 3 months and 1 year postoperatively.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Pupillary diameter and corneal endothelial density.

RESULTS:

Human corneal endothelial cell morphology was unaltered after Mydrin-P injection. The mean ratio of the pupillary diameter to corneal diameter increased in the intraocular mydriasis group (before: 54.2 ± 4.8%, after: 58.4 ± 6.6%; P < 0.001) and in the diabetes and unknown subgroups. The corneal endothelial cell density reduction rate 3 months and 1 year after surgery was not significantly different between the intraocular mydriasis group and controls.

CONCLUSION:

Intracameral injection of Mydrin-P appears to be effective and safe for dilating the pupil in cases with poor mydriasis after preoperative instillation of mydriatics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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