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Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2010 Dec;9(6):575-82.

Stereotactic body radiotherapy as boost for organ-confined prostate cancer.

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Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY, USA.


Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) boost following external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) for advanced localized prostate cancer may reduce toxicity while escalating the dose. We present preliminary biochemical control and urinary, rectal and sexual toxicities for 73 patients treated with SBRT as a boost to EBRT. Forty-one intermediate- and 32 high-risk localized prostate cancer patients received 45 Gy EBRT with SBRT boost. Twenty-eight patients (38.3%) received a total SBRT boost dose of 18 Gy (3 fractions of 6 Gy), 28 patients (38.3%) received 19.5 Gy (3 fractions of 6.5 Gy), and 17 patients (23.2%) received 21 Gy (3 fractions of 7 Gy). Toxicity was assessed using the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group urinary and rectal toxicity scale. Biochemical failure was assessed using the Phoenix definition. The median follow-up was 33 months (range, 22 - 43 months). Less than 7% Grade II and no higher grade acute toxicities occurred. To date, one Grade III and no Grade IV late toxicities occurred. For the 97% of patients with 24 months minimum follow-up, 71.8% achieved a PSA nadir threshold of 0.5 ng/mL. Three intermediate-risk and seven high-risk biochemical failures occurred; one high-risk patient died of his cancer. Three-year actuarial biochemical control rates were 89.5% and 77.7% for intermediate- and high-risk patients, respectively. SBRT boost for prostate cancer treatment is safe and feasible with minimal acute toxicity. At 33 months late toxicity and biochemical control are promising. Long-term durability of these findings remains to be established.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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