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JOP. 2010 Nov 9;11(6):553-9.

The role of non-operative strategies in the management of severe acute pancreatitis.

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. jdwsjni@hotmail.com

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Non-operative strategies are gaining preference in the management of patients with severe acute pancreatitis.

OBJECTIVE:

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of a non-operative approach, including percutaneous drainage, in the management of severe acute pancreatitis.

DESIGN:

Prospective study.

SETTING:

Tertiary care centre in India.

PATIENTS:

Fifty consecutive patients with severe acute pancreatitis were managed in an intensive care unit.

INTERVENTIONS:

The patients were initially managed conservatively. Those with 5 cm, or more, of fluid collection having fever, leukocytosis or organ failure underwent percutaneous catheter drainage using a 10 Fr catheter. Those not responding underwent a necrosectomy. Depending on the outcome of their supportive care, the patients were divided into three groups: those responding to intensive care, those needing percutaneous catheter drainage and those requiring surgical intervention. Twelve patients were managed conservatively (Group 1) while 24 underwent percutaneous catheter drainage (Group 2), 9 of whom were not operated (Group 2a) and 15 of whom underwent necrosectomy (Group 2b). Fourteen patients were operated on directly (Group 3).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Hospital stay, intensive care unit stay, and mortality.

RESULTS:

Among patients requiring surgery, the patients in Group 2b had a shorter intensive care unit stay (22.1±11.1 days) as compared to the patients in Group 3 (25.0±15.6 days) and a longer interval to surgery, 30.7±8.9 days versus 25.4±8.5 days. However, these differences did not reach statistical significance (P=0.705 and P=0.133, respectively). The two groups did not differ in terms of mortality (5/15 versus 3/14; P=0.682).

CONCLUSION:

The use of percutaneous catheter drainage helped avoid or delay surgery in two-fifths of the patients with severe acute pancreatitis.

PMID:
21068486
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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